The United States Congress has two chambers, one called the Senate and the other called the House of Representatives (or “House” for short) which share the responsibilities of the legislative process to create federal statutory law.
United States comprised of 50 states each elect two senators for staggered six-year terms. A senator represents between 0.6 and 40 million people, depending on their state’s population.
The day-to-day activities of the Senate are controlled largely by the political party holding the most seats, called the “majority party.”
See a count of senators by party in the current Congress.
The United States is also divided into 435 congressional districts with a population of about 750,000 each. Each district elects a representative to the House of Representatives for a two-year term.
As in the Senate, the day-to-day activities of the House are controlled by the “majority party.”
See the count of representatives by party in the current Congress.