Congressional Member’s Report Card

Congressional Member’s Report Card

Doubting Science. Why?

Global Rankings - Science

RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT (R&D) EXPENDITURES – GLOBAL U.S. RANKING

  • Although the United States invests more in R&D than does any other individual country, several other, smaller economies have a greater “R&D intensity”—that is, a higher ratio of R&D expenditures to GDP.
  • South Korea has the highest ratio at 4.6%. Over the past decade, U.S. R&D intensity has Puctuated within a relatively narrow range and remained generally high relative to historic levels, although the global U.S. rank in this indicator fell from 8th in 2009 to 10th in 2017
  • Among individual countries, the United States was the largest R&D performer in 2017, followed by China, whose R&D spending now exceeds that of the EU (Figure 11). Together, the United States (25%) and China (23%) accounted for nearly half of the estimated global R&D total in 2017. Japan (8%) and Germany (6%) are next, followed by South Korea (4%).

GROSS DOMESTIC EXPENDITURES ON R&D

AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH RATE OF DOMESTIC R&D EXPENDITURE