As the research enterprise continues to grow, the professional workforce within the U.S. must meet the demands of the market to remaincompetitive. Investing in human capital is one area where government and industry can work together to ensure that enough STEM talent is trained through formal education, apprentice- ship programs, and retraining programs.
There are more researchers in the European Union and in China than in the United States. Since 2010, China has surpassed the number of researchers in the U.S.
China is increasing its expenditures per researcher faster than other countries.
The U.S. leads in the amount of funds spent per researcher but faces competition from countries like China , who continue to increase both their number of researchers and their R&D expenditures.