Biotechnology harnesses cellular and biomolecular processes to develop innovative products, largely in medicine and agriculture.
China has caught up to the U.S. in total number of biotechnology and applied microbiology research publications . China is also aggressively recruiting overseas scientists and entrepreneurs, particularly in the biotech sector, through its so-called ‘Thousand Talents Plan.’
Nanoscience and nanotechnology are the study and application of matter at the atomic and molecular levels – the basic building blocks of all natural and man-made things. Improvements in our ability to study matter at the nanoscale could reshape many industries, such as manufacturing, electronics, and medicine.
China has also eclipsed the U.S. in the total number of nano-related patents, amid China’s growing emphasis on translating research into practical applica- tions and societal impacts.